While we do our best to help eligible individuals get approved on the initial application, sometimes the application is denied and we need to help someone through the appeals process. This article provides an overview of the several levels of appeals and the steps to take to file an appeal. 

An On-the-Record request asks OHO to consider approving a claim based on the documentation in the record without appearing before the judge. This can avoid a lengthy wait for an ALJ Hearing.

Online access to SOAR applicants’ electronic folders or eFolders (EFs) is now available for Appointed Representatives with ALJ hearing and Appeals Council level cases. 

Here are some FAQs about Continuing Disability Reviews (CDR) associated with the SOAR TA Center's 2014 Webinar, "SOAR Representation with CDRs."

Once an applicant receives notice of a denial and decides to appeal the decision, SOAR case workers can help prepare and assist with the appeal. This article discusses how to file appeals online, using iAppeals. 

The Social Security Administration (SSA) keeps all new disability files in electronic format. Applicants and authorized representatives have the right to obtain relevant application information on a CD-ROM. When you are preparing to appeal a denial of disability benefits, you should request the case file so that you can review key components of the file and decision.

SOAR TA Center Senior Project Associate, Pam Heine, worked for 12 years at Legal Services of New Jersey’s SSI Project, representing nearly 1,000 adults and children. She represented individuals at the Administrative Law Judge and Appeals Council stages, achieving a 97 percent approval rate. Her years of experience in the areas of developmental disabilities, mental health, public assistance and supported employment informed her work as a non-attorney representative. Pam is our content expert on using the SOAR model with SSI/SSDI appeals and provides some tips below.

When you are preparing to appeal a denial of disability benefits, the first thing you should do is request the case file so that you can review key components of the file and decision! 

This article explains how you can promote SOAR with your Social Security Administration (SSA) Office of Hearings Operations (OHO) office to help ease their backlog and workload issues, while at the same time, improving access to expedited decisions for SOAR applicants.

This toolkit combines articles from the SOARWorks website as well as other materials into one comprehensive resource about the Social Security Administration (SSA) appeals process.

If Social Security denied your application for disability benefits, you may request an appeal. Social Security has four appeal levels. This article discusses the Reconsideration and Hearing by Administrative Law Judge levels.

Here are some tips from the SOAR TA Center on assisting an applicant with a pending application or an appeal.

In addition to requesting an “On the Record” review, SSA has established a ‘Prehearing Review’ procedure which may be a good opportunity for SOAR applicants to receive a decision without a hearing. Under this procedure, the Social Security Administration may only issue a revised determination if it is fully or partially favorable to the applicant.


On this webinar, held on June 18, 2020, we introduced our updated SOAR Appeals Toolkit and guest speakers offered practice tips on effectively representing SOAR applicants with appeals.

This webinar, held on June 22, 2016, is designed for SOAR practitioners to continue building their "ALJ Hearing Toolbox."

This webinar, held on Thursday, June 25, 2015, provided the tips and tools necessary to understand SSA’s Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) hearing process. 

Issue Briefs

This issue brief, developed by the SAMHSA SOAR TA Center, provides basic information and practical tips on assisting with appeals for applicants who have been denied at the initial application level.

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