Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)

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SSDI provides benefits to disabled or blind persons who are "insured" by workers' contributions to the Social Security trust fund. This article describes the SSDI return-to-work employment provisions.

Once SSA receives all of the non-medical information, the process of establishing basic eligibility (in SSA terms, “non-medical eligibility”) begins. In the SOAR process, the case manager provides SSA with a packet containing all the necessary information. If the person does not qualify at this step, the application goes no further. Be sure to address all non-medical criteria thoroughly and accurately.

There are two SSA disability programs: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). People often confuse them. Both programs are federally funded and administered by the Social Security Administration.

SSDI is an insurance program. Therefore, no information about living arrangement or resources is required. Instead, the SSDI application will ask questions about past earnings and entitlement to other benefits. People over 18 years of age who have worked and contributed to the Social Security Trust or others who became disabled before the age of 22 whose parent is deceased or receiving retirement or disability benefits may be eligible.

This article provides a guide to the information requested on the Online Disability Benefit Application, the online version of the SSA-16: Application for SSDI.

SSA is committed to expediting claims and quickly issuing payments for the most serious conditions and for claimants that are in dire need. When working with an applicant that is experiencing or at risk of homelessness, SOAR providers should be aware of the following SSA initiatives and practices.

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